Petroleum engineering at Dalhousie is viewed as a specialized professional discipline focused on the fundamental knowledge and skills associated with the production, transport and processing of petroleum products. The petroleum industry traditionally distinguishes between its “upstream” and “downstream” sectors. Engineers in the “upstream” sector deal with oil and gas reservoir facilities and operations for exploration and production; engineers in the “downstream” sector focus on the transportation, processing, refining and distribution of petroleum products. This one-year, course-based Masters degree is aimed at giving graduate engineers from a variety of engineering disciplines exposure to Petroleum Engineering. The objective is to allow them to transition into the oil and gas sector. Depending upon the applicants engineering background a qualifying year may be required to gain the necessary prerequisite subject matter.