Course Descriptions OCEA 1001   Conversations with Ocean Scientists: Part I
CREDIT HOURS: 3
Students engage with working ocean scientists about their research, its relevance, and how to communicate science to different audiences. In addition to regular writing exercises that include journaling, blogging, and lab reporting, students compose a research paper and follow it through the process of submission and peer-review for an in-class journal.
NOTES: College of Arts & Science writing requirement fulfilled if OCEA 1001.03 and OCEA 1002.03 are completed in the same academic year. Credit will not be granted if courses are not completed consecutively.
FORMAT:
  • Lecture
  • Tutorial

FORMAT COMMENTS: Lecture 1.5 hours and Tutorial 1.5 hours per week
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
COREQUISITES: MATH 1000.03 or MATH 1215.03 or MATH 1060.03/STAT 1060.03
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 1000.06

OCEA 1002   Conversations with Ocean Scientists: Part II
CREDIT HOURS: 3
Students engage with working ocean scientists about their research, its relevance, and how to communicate science to different audiences. In addition to regular writing exercises that include journaling, blogging, and lab reporting, students compose a research paper and follow it through the process of submission and peer-review for an in-class journal.
NOTES: College of Arts & Science writing requirement fulfilled if OCEA 1001.03 and OCEA 1002.03 are completed in the same academic year. Credit will not be granted if courses are not completed consecutively.
FORMAT:
  • Lecture
  • Tutorial

FORMAT COMMENTS: 1.5 hours of lecture and 1.5 hours of tutorial per week
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 1001.03 (must have been taken in same academic year)
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 1000.06

OCEA 2001   The Blue Planet I
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course provides a general survey of oceanography. It is designed to develop an understanding of the ocean and of the science of oceanography. Students learn about the geological, chemical, physical and biological processes at work in the sea.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 2000.06, OCEA 2850.06, OCEA 2851.03/OCEA 2852.03

OCEA 2002   The Blue Planet II
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course provides a general survey of biological oceanography. Students learn about marine biology and marine ecosystems. Consideration is also given to human impacts.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 2000.06, OCEA 2850.06, OCEA 2851.03/OCEA 2852.03

OCEA 2020   Tools and Concepts in Ocean Sciences I
CREDIT HOURS: 3
Students gain practical insights into oceanographic concepts introduced in OCEA 2001.03/2002.03 through lab exercises. Labs focus on navigation and position, instruments and calibration, ocean optics and acoustics, water movement, and basic marine chemistry. Labs involve data acquisition and analyses to develop quantitative skills. Students will become familiar with the 'R' programming language.
FORMAT: Lab
LAB HOURS PER WEEK: 3
COREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03; or permission of instructor.
PREREQUISITES: MATH 1000.03; MATH 1060.03/STAT 1060.03 (or MATH 2060.03/STATS 2060.03); PHYC 1190/1290.03 (or PHYC 1310.03/1320.03 or PHYC 1300.06); at least one of: CHEM 1011.03/1012.03, ERTH 1080.03/1090.03, or BIOL 1010/1011 or (BIOL 1020.03/1021.03); or permission of instructor.

OCEA 2021   Tools and Concepts II
CREDIT HOURS: 3
Students gain practical insights into oceanographic concepts introduced in OCEA 2001/2002 through lab exercises. Labs focus on particle dynamics and life in the ocean and involve data acquisition and analysis to develop quantitative skills. At the end of the course, students observe a mesocosm to synthesize concepts from both OCEA 2020.03 and OCEA 2021.03. Students will continue to use the 'R' programming language.
FORMAT: Lab
LAB HOURS PER WEEK: 3
COREQUISITES: OCEA 2002.03; or permission of instructor
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2020.03

OCEA 2800   Climate Change
CREDIT HOURS: 3
See course description for PHYC 2800.03 in the Physics and Atmospheric Science section of this calendar.
CROSS-LISTING: PHYC 2800.03, GEOG 2800.03
EXCLUSIONS: ECON2850.06, PHYC2850.06

OCEA 3001   Introduction to Physical Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course introduces Ocean Physics, focusing on issues of interest to undergraduates in ocean-related disciplines. The approach is to bind facts together with ideas, often starting with thought experiments and proceeding to simple mathematical models.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: MATH 1000.03 or permission of Instructor

OCEA 3002   Introduction to Chemical Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course provides students with a basic understanding of the composition of seawater and the processes that leads to this composition. This understanding is both qualitative and quantitative through the use of thermodynamic, kinetic and box models to describe the balances that produce the observed chemical distributions.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: CHEM 1011.03 and CHEM 1012.03 (or equivalent), OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06); OCEA 2020.03 and OCEA 2021.03; or permission of instructor
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 3170

OCEA 3003   Introduction to Field Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course explores interrelationships between living organisms in the sea and the ocean environment. Biological processes are introduced in the context of the physical and chemical oceanography. The emphasis is on sea-going field work on day trips in local marine waters and hands-on laboratory investigation.
NOTES: The OCEA 3003 requirement could be waived in light of equivalent course workload at another institution.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06)
CROSS-LISTING: MARI 3003.03, BIOL 3003.03

OCEA 3004   The Last Billion Years
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course examines major events in Earth history. The geological and geochemical evidence will be described, and the hypothesized causes of the events will be examined. The goal of this course is to develop an understanding of the functioning of the earth/ocean/atmosphere system, how it has reacted to perturbations in the past and how it will react to current perturbations in the future.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06); or ERTH 1080.03

OCEA 3420   Geochemistry of Aquatic Environments
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course is an introduction to the governing principles and processes of aquatic geochemistry. Specific topics will include physical chemistry of natural waters, kinetics of geochemical reactions, the hydrologic cycle, the carbonate system and pH, redox reactions, weathering and mineral-solution equilibria, controls on the composition of rainwater, rivers, and oceans.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: CHEM 1011.03/1012.03 or equivalent and ERTH 1080.03/1090.03
CROSS-LISTING: ERTH 3420.03

OCEA 4000   Oceans and Global Change
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course examines the role and response of the Oceans to global change, including alterations in currents and circulation, increases in sea level and storm surges, changes in ocean chemistry, modification to the types and patterns of sediment deposition, alterations in the abundances and distributions of organisms, and overall productivity. The course will discuss means of predicting these changes and their effects.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 3001.03, OCEA 3002.03, OCEA 4110.03, OCEA 4140.03 or permission of Instructor

OCEA 4110   Geological Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course provides a broad survey of geology and geophysics as they apply to the oceans. The course content covers methods and observations with quantitative applications to an understanding of marine geophysical and geological processes. The topics covered include the origin of ocean basins, plate tectonics, heat flow, gravity, and magnetics (1/3 of the course); patterns and processes of sediment transport and deposition, and the paleoceanographic reconstruction of past climates (2/3 of the course).
NOTES: Training in calculus and statistics will prove to be advantageous to the student’s outcome.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06), OCEA 2020.03, OCEA 2021.03, and ERTH 1080.03; or permission of instructor.
CROSS-LISTING: OCEA 5110.03, ERTH 4110.03

OCEA 4115   Micropaleontology and Global Change
CREDIT HOURS: 3
See course description for ERTH 4502 in the Earth Sciences section of this calendar.
CROSS-LISTING: ERTH 4502.03

OCEA 4120   Physical Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course introduces undergraduate students to the physical properties and dynamics of the oceans. Topics range from global circulation down to the small scales of turbulence. Fact and theory are blended throughout. Quantitative problem solving is emphasized in assignments.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: MATH 1000.03, MATH 1010.03, classic calculus or equivalent, and permission of the instructor
RESTRICTIONS: Third- and fourth-year students only
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 5120.03

OCEA 4130   Chemical Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course covers the major and minor constituents of sea water, the controls on its chemical composition, nutrient cycling, gas exchange and the influence of the oceans on atmospheric chemistry. Other topics included are chemical tracers, and radiochemical dating methods, stable isotope studies, chemical speciation and chemical models of sea water.
FORMAT:
  • Lecture
  • Lab

FORMAT COMMENTS: some labs
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06), and OCEA 3002.03, or instructor's consent
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 5130.03

OCEA 4140   Biological Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
The goal is to describe how physical, chemical and biological processes interact to determine the species composition, biogeochemical activities, and trophic structure of marine communities. Outstanding problems currently facing biological oceanographers and earth systems scientists are discussed, as are current attempts and methodologies to address them.
NOTES: Biological oceanography is a quantitative science and extensive problem solving is required. Students should be competent in mathematics through calculus. Permission of instructor is required.
FORMAT: Lecture
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06); OCEA 2020.03 and OCEA 2021.03; or permission of instructor
CROSS-LISTING: OCEA 5140.03, BIOL 4661.03, 5661.03, MARI 4661.03

OCEA 4160   Fisheries Oceanography
CREDIT HOURS: 3
Oceanographic influences on ecology of marine fish: on population dynamics, distribution, abundance, reproduction, life history, feeding, growth, metabolism, mortality, and recruitment. Emphasis on contemporary hypotheses and primary literature and some on fishery management. Primary-publication-style research paper required. Competence with fundamental population dynamics, ecology, physical oceanography, mathematics, and statistical analyses expected.
FORMAT:
  • Lecture
  • Tutorial

FORMAT COMMENTS: some practicums/tutorials
LECTURE HOURS PER WEEK: 3
PREREQUISITES: OCEA 2001.03 and OCEA 2002.03 (or OCEA 2000.06); BIOL 2060.03 or BIOL 3080.03 or equivalent; MATH 1060.03/STAT 1060.03 or STAT 2080.03 or MATH 2060.03/STAT 2060.03 or instructor's consent.
CROSS-LISTING: BIOL 4369.03, MARI 4369.03, OCEA 5160.03

OCEA 4201   Honours Research - Part I
CREDIT HOURS: 3
This course is required for students enrolled in the Concentrated Honours in Ocean Sciences, and certain streams of the Combined Honours in Oceanography program. It consists of a research project under the supervision of a faculty member, and should include an original component in oceanography. Students are required to participate in weekly meetings of the class and make a presentation (oral or poster) at the annual CDOGS meeting in March.
NOTES: Credit can only be given for this course if OCEA 4201.03 and OCEA 4202.03 are completed in consecutive terms. Partial credit cannot be given for a single term.
PREREQUISITES: Permission given by instructor.
EXCLUSIONS: OCEA 4200.06