Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Degree Program

The minimum time required to complete this program is two years from an MSc; normally three years are required (see Section 2.3.2, in the Faculty of Graduate Studies regulations).

The preliminary examination (see Faculty of Graduate Studies regulations) is an integral part of the compulsory courses, ERTH 6301/ERTH 6302: Research Design and Scientific Presentation and ERTH 6351/ERTH 6352: Research Topics in Earth Sciences. A grade of B+ or better is required in these two courses.

Attendance at the Earth Sciences seminars is expected.

Research leading to the preparation and oral defence of a thesis is required.