Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

For minimum time required to complete this program, see the Faculty of Graduate Studies regulations.

At least nine credit hours are normally required and additional courses may be specified by supervisory committees.

A preliminary oral examination must be completed successfully.

Research and the preparation and oral defense of a thesis are required.

The PhD degree will be granted primarily on the basis of the candidate’s ability to carry through original investigation. Part of the evidence of this will be acceptance of scientific material for publication in refereed journals and the preparation of a satisfactory thesis.